How does Obesity increase the Risk of Chronic Disease?

How does Obesity increase the Risk of Chronic Disease

Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of fat in the body, leading to several chronic diseases. The standard Body Mass Index (BMI) in a healthy human body is 25. One is considered to be obese when this limit crosses 30. People with obesity are prone to suffer from chronic diseases. Obesity increases the risk of comorbidity in the body. Excessive body weight ruins one's health in all aspects – physical, mental, and psychological.

Health Problems Obesity Causes:

  • Reproductive Issues

Obesity impacts the entire reproduction process, from copulation to the conception process. Obesity in women results in infertility, miscarriage, complicated pregnancy, gestational diabetes, etc. The effect of obesity in men is not very clear in medical research. But, obesity leads to hormonal disorders in both men and women, affecting the reproduction process. 

  • Cardiovascular Problems

Obesity increases the risk of various cardiovascular ailments. With the rise in BMI, blood pressure, hypertension, blood sugar, cholesterol, triglyceride, and body inflammation might become high, causing stroke, coronary heart disease, etc. There is a direct connection between increased weight and ischemic stroke. 

  • Respiratory Disease

Obesity damages the respiratory system through lung expansion and reduction of the flexibility of the chest wall, weakening of respiratory muscle length, etc. Obesity causes diseases like sleeping disorders and asthma, leading to premature mortality. 

  • Cancer

There is no direct connection between obesity and cancer. Several research surveys have revealed that obesity has a direct connection with cancer in the pancreas, kidney, breast, endometrium, gallbladder, ovary, colon, and rectum. Obesity, especially during adulthood, leads to cancers.

  • Arthritis 

Excessive weight gain causes pressure on two legs, leading to various arthritic problems in the human body. 

  • Type 2 Diabetes

Fat cells that store fat around the waist secrete hormones that trigger inflammation. Inflammation changes the way the body uses carbohydrates and fats and makes the body less responsive to insulin. Insulin resistance leads to diabetes mellitus. Adipose tissue in the body leads to the stimulation of extra nutrients.

  • Gallbladder and Kidney Issues

Excess body weight increases the risk of gallbladder stones in both men and women. Obesity impairs kidney functions to a great extent. 

  • Cognitive Disorder

Obesity has a direct connection with memory and cognitive functions. According to medical data and research, obesity is one of the crucial factors behind diseases like Alzheimer's and dementia.

  • Depression 

In today's fast world, obesity and mental instability are going hand in hand. Different investigations have revealed that obesity and mood are deeply interlinked with each other. According to various studies and researches, obesity is a major reason for depression and mood disorders. Obesity impacts adolescents the most by lowering their confidence levels.  

Causes of Obesity

  • Intake of high-calorie food
  • Unhealthy food habits
  • Lack of physical exertion
  • Gene
  • Hormonal disorder 

Symptoms of Obesity

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue and laziness
  • Excessive hunger and sleep
  • Depression 

Treatment for Obesity 

Obesity is a treatable physical ailment. There are several methods and ways to get rid of this problem. One needs to bring some healthy changes and a balanced lifestyle to be free from obesity. Obesity treatment includes the following techniques, 

  • Healthy food habits (limited calorie diet)
  • Daily physical activity 
  • Special diets (if necessary)

Ayurvedic Treatment for Obesity

In Ayurvedic treatment of obesity, the following steps are to be followed -

  • Fasting 
  • Use of oral digestives 
  • Include honey, salad, etc. in regular food
  • Physical exercises and meditation
  • Therapeutic emesis and purgation
  • Use of Ayurvedic drugs: Amla, Vaca, Musta, Vidanga, Sunthi, Guggulu, Daruharidra, etc.

Obesity affects the entire health system. We have discussed the causes, effects, symptoms, and treatment of obesity in detail. We must treat the issue at the very first stage otherwise; we may suffer from the chronic diseases mentioned above. Ayurvedic treatment for obesity is one of the most effective ways to get rid of the issue. 

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Author of the Blog: Dr. Deepali Shastri

Expert Review By: Dr Smita Pankaj Naram

Co-Founder, Ayushakti Ayurved Pvt Ltd