India is rich in culture. We have had various civilizations that have contributed to making this land thrive. There have been many who have come, imparted wisdom related to various topics and have helped us as a human race to grow and evolve. Without our current technological advancements, we have curbed and remedied numerous illnesses and ailments with the help of medicinal plants and herbal remedies.
An Ayurvedic form of medicine is believed to be existent in India for thousands of years. It employs various techniques and things to provide healing or relief to ailing patients. One of the things that Ayurveda uses is medications of plant origin.
Since the birth of Ayurveda in around 816 A.D., millions of people have benefited from its positive outcomes. Use of herbal remedies as a source of medicine has been an ancient practice and is an important component of the health care system in India. In the Indian systems of medicine, most practitioners formulate and dispense their own recipes; hence this requires proper documentation and research. In the western world also the use of herbal plants is growing as more of their population is reporting the use of an herb to treat medical diseases.
There are about 45,000 medicinal plant species in India, with concentrated spots in the region of Eastern Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman & Nicobar Island. The officially documented plants with medicinal potential are 3000 but traditional practitioners use more than 6000.
It is very important to have medicinal plants around the house cause you never know when you might need them. So here a list of medicinal plants that have the highest medicinal value compared to the other million species around the world worth planting around the house.
- Tulsi: For over the centuries Tulsi, known as the queen of herbs has been known for its remarkable healing properties. The fresh leaves of Tulsi are taken by the millions of people every day. The Rama Tulsi is an effective remedy for severe acute Respiratory Syndrome. Juice of its leaves gives relief in cold, fever, bronchitis and cough. Many people wear Tulsi beads, which is said to have certain physical and medicinal properties.
- Tulsi is taken as herbal tea.
- Tulsi oil is also used as the ear drop.
- Tulsi helps in curing malaria.
- It is very effective against indigestion, headache, hysteria, insomnia and cholera.
- Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera grows only under the sun with well-drained, dry or moist soil. Although this Ayurvedic plant tastes very bad, it’s still edible. The sap from Aloe Vera is extremely useful to speed up the healing & reducing the risk of infections of various things like wounds cuts burns and even reduces inflammation. Apart from its external use on the skin, aloe Vera is also taken internally in the treatment of :
- Ulcerative colitis
- Chronic constipation
- Poor appetite
- Digestive problems
- Basil: You must have used basil many times in your food, but have you ever tried it to heal flatulence? It has the power to treat:
- Lack of appetite
- Stomach gas
- Rosemary: Rosemary is the great reviver. This perennial woody herb stimulates energy and optimism and sharpens memory and concentration by bringing more oxygen to your brain. It’s a wonderfully stimulating alternative to caffeine when you need that second wind! A row of these long-lived and drought-tolerant plants makes a beautiful, bee-friendly, evergreen hedge. You may only need one plant in your garden, as a little bit goes a long way.
- Lavender: Long recognized for its sweet perfume, lavender also boasts medical benefits as a nervine and mild antidepressant. Adding it to your bath alleviates stress, tension, and insomnia. It’s also used in creams to treat sunburns and acne. Woody lavender plants prefer hot, sunny, and dry environments. The fresh flowers are tasty in small doses when added to salads, honey, butter, lemonade, and even shortbread cookies.
- Fenugreek, Methi: Fenugreek seeds are nourishing and taken to encourage weight gain, inhibit cancer of the liver, lower blood cholesterol levels, treat inflammation and ulcers of the stomach and intestines, drain off sweat ducts, for late-onset diabetes, helps poor digestion, painful menstruation, labour pains, freshen bad breath and restores a dull sense of taste.
- Peppermint: Peppermint is sometimes regarded as ‘the world’s oldest medicine’, with archaeological evidence placing its use at least as far back as ten thousand years ago. Peppermint is naturally high in manganese, vitamin A and vitamin C. Crushed leaves rubbed on the skin help soothe and relax the muscles. Infused peppermint leaves are used to:
- Reduce irritable bowel syndrome
- Against upset stomachs
- Inhibit bacterial growth
- Treat fevers
- Spastic colon
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Author of the Blog: Dr. Archana Singh
Expert Review By: Dr Smita Pankaj Naram
Co-Founder, Ayushakti Ayurved Pvt Ltd